Legislation and permit regimes

LEGISLATION

LAW ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY (BDA) - Promulgated SG. No. 77 of August 9, 2002; last amended SG. issue 98 of November 27, 2018

BDA regulates the relations between the state, municipalities, legal entities and individuals on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in the Republic of Bulgaria.

This law aims to:

  • the protection of representative for the Republic of Bulgaria and for Europe types of natural habitats and habitats of endangered, rare and endemic plant, animal and fungal species within the National Ecological Network;
  • the protection of the protected plant, animal and fungal species from the flora, fauna and mycota of the Republic of Bulgaria, as well as of those that are subject to use and trade;
  • conservation of genetic resources and diversity of plant and animal species outside their natural environment;
  • regulating the introduction of non-native and reintroducing native plant and animal species into the wild;
  • regulation of trade in endangered species of wild flora and fauna;
  • the preservation of ancient and remarkable trees.

PROTECTED TERRITORIES ACT (PAA) - promulgated SG. No. 133 of November 11, 1998; last amended SG. issue 21 of March 12, 2021

PAA regulates the categories of protected areas, their purpose and regime of protection and use, declaration and management.

This law aims to:

  • the protection and preservation of protected areas as a national and universal wealth and property and as a special form of protection of native nature, contributing to the development of culture and science and the well-being of society;
  • nature conservation in protected areas takes precedence over other activities in them.

Ordinance No. 8 of 12 December 2003 on the terms and conditions for the issuance of permits for the exceptions of the prohibitions introduced by the Biological Diversity Act for the animal and plant species of Annex 3, for the animal species of Annex 4, for ALL SPECIES OF WILD BIRDS OTHER THAN THOSE OF ANNEX № 3 AND ANNEX № 4 AND FOR THE USE OF NON-SELECTIVE APPARATUS, MEANS AND METHODS OF CATCHING

Issued by the Minister of Environment and Water and the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. Promulgated SG. issue 4 of January 16, 2004; amended and supplemented SG. issue 62 of July 27, 2018

The subject of the ordinance is the issuance of permits for exceptions to the prohibitions introduced by the following provisions of the BDA:

  • Article 38 - for the protected animal species listed in Annex № 3 to the same law;
  • Article 40 - for the protected plant species listed in Annex № 3 to the same law;
  • Article 41, para. 3 - for bird species listed in Annex № 4 to the same law;
  • Article 44 - on the use of non-selective devices, means and methods of capture and killing listed in Annex № 5 to the same law;
  • Article 46 - for the bird species under Art. 45 to the same law;
  • Article 47, para. 1 - for all species of wild birds, except those under Annex № 3 to the same law.

PERMIT MODES

The following are prohibited in national parks:

All prohibitions are specified in the Protected Areas Act. The ways and other conditions for carrying out the activities in the national parks are determined by the plans for their management.

The following are prohibited in nature parks:

All prohibitions are specified in the Protected Areas Act. The ways and other conditions for carrying out the activities in the nature parks are determined by the plans for their management.

For the natural parks or parts of them the provisions for the National Parks may be applied if they are adopted with the management plans approved by the Council of Ministers.

В резерватите се забраняват всякакви дейности с изключение на:

For scientific visits and the collection of seed, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere in quantities, ways and times that exclude disturbances in ecosystems, shall be carried out after consultation with the Minister of Environment and waters or with officials authorized by him.

All activities are prohibited on maintained reserves, except:

The activities for carrying out maintenance, guiding, regulating or restoration measures are determined in the management plan of the maintained reserves.

For scientific visits and the collection of seed, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere shall be carried out in consultation with the Minister of Environment and Water or officials authorized by him.

In case of carrying out activity in a protected area in violation of the regime determined by the Protected Areas Act (PAA), in the order for announcement or in approved plans and projects, or carrying out activity in a protected area without permission or coordination provided in PTA, the person is punished by a fine. The fines are specified in the PTA.

  • National parks
    1. construction, except for tourist shelters and chalets, water intakes for drinking needs, treatment facilities, buildings and facilities for the needs of park management and visitor service, underground communications, repair of existing buildings, roads, sports and other facilities; / li>
    2. production activities, except maintenance and restoration activities in forests, lands and water areas;
    3. clearing;
    4. use of fertilizers and other chemicals;
    5. importation of non-native plant and animal species;
    6. grazing of goats, as well as grazing in forests outside meadows and pastures, etc.
  • Nature Parks
    1. carrying out bare felling in all forests, except poplar and low-stemmed forests; merging of bare, non-regenerated clearings on an area of ​​more than 2 hectares in low-stemmed forests, except acacia forests;
    2. importation of non-native plant and animal species;
    3. grazing of goats except in designated areas;
    4. collection of fossils and minerals, damage to rock formations;
    5. pollution of waters and terrains with household, industrial and other waste;
    6. camping and lighting fires outside designated areas;
    7. open pit mining, etc.
  • Reservation
    1. their protection;
    2. scientific visits;
    3. moving people along marked trails, including for educational purposes;
    4. collecting seed, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere in quantities, ways and times that exclude disturbances in ecosystems.
  • Supported reserve
    1. their protection;
    2. scientific visits;
    3. crossing people on marked trails, including for educational purposes;
    4. collecting seed, wild plants and animals for scientific purposes or for their restoration elsewhere;
    5. Carrying out supportive, guiding, regulating or rehabilitative measures.